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Amériques latines, entre reflux des progressismes et expériences alternatives

par Franck Gaudichaud

2017 03 14 01 Franck GaudichaudLes retours revanchards de néolibéraux aux gouvernements de certains pays d’Amériques latines remettent-ils en question les expériences d’émancipation des dernières décennies ? Les réalités sont plus complexes, nous dit Franck Gaudichaud.

Franck Gaudichaud est maître de conférences en histoire et civilisation de l’Amérique Latine à l’Université Grenoble-Alpes et co-président de France Amérique Latine. Dernier ouvrage paru en français : Chili 1970-1973. Mille jours qui firent trembler le monde, PUR, 2013.

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In Britain, after byelections in Stoke and Copeland:

Don’t blame Corbyn for the sins of Blair, Brown and New Labour

By Ken Loach

2017 03 08 02 Ken LoachIn the parts of Britain that have been left to rot, people support Jeremy Corbyn’s policies. So why aren’t MPs promoting them?

The spate of calls for Jeremy Corbyn to quit since last week’s byelections in Stoke and Copeland has been as predictable as it was premeditated. It says everything about the political agenda of the media, and nothing about people’s real needs and experiences.

I went to Stoke and Whitehaven, in Cumbria, a few days before polling. Momentum arranged screenings of Daniel Blake [1]. We went to Labour clubs in neglected areas, old estates away from the centre. At one club I was asked: “Why have you come here? No one comes here.”

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« Pour une critique de la violence » de Walter Benjamin – Histoire, droit, violence, État

2000, par BENSAÏD Daniel

2017 03 01 01 BENSAID DanielVoici rassemblés divers essais de Walter Benjamin, parmi lesquels, le douloureux Franz Kafka, mélancolique étoile jumelle. Avec Kafka, Benjamin partage en effet cet « étrange mal de mer sur la terre ferme », de celui qui ne pourra jamais jeter l’ancre, condamné à errer entre deux langues, entre deux mondes, dans une Europe des Lumières en pleine déroute. Ni l’un ni l’autre ne pourront entreprendre le retour identitaire en Palestine, où déjà se profilent les nouvelles idoles de la raison d’État, et Kafka se fracassera sur ses invisibles frontières intimes. Benjamin viendra s’écraser sur le passage muré des Pyrénées, comme incapable de s’arracher à une vieille culture en train de s’effondrer.

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Tras Vistalegre II

Podemos: Avon Barksdale se impuso a Stringer Bell

por Josep Maria Antentas

2017 02 17 01 podemos“...ellos no comprenden la utilidad inmensa de la diversidad de las doctrinas. Cada matiz, cada escuela tiene su misión a cumplir, su parte a jugar en el gran drama revolucionario y si esta multiplicidad de sistemas os pareciera funesto, usted desconocería la más irrecusable de las verdades: ’La luz solamente surge de la discusión’.”

August Blanqui, Carta a Maillard (Belle-Île, 6 junio de 1852)

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 Grèce: l’effondrement à bas bruit de tout un pays

 Par Martine Orange (Mediapart)*

2017 02 02 01 martine orangeLa crise grecque est toujours là. Les responsables européens et le FMI ont lancé un nouvel ultimatum à Alexis Tsipras. Il a trois semaines pour présenter de nouvelles mesures d’austérité. Épuisé, le pays est au bord de l’effondrement financier, économique et moral. Des responsables de Syriza parlent de sortir de l’euro.

Après avoir repoussé l’idée pendant plus de deux ans, Syriza semble prêt à penser l’impensable : sortir de la zone euro. Même si les responsables gouvernementaux n’en parlent pas ouvertement, des figures éminentes du parti de gauche en évoquent publiquement l’hypothèse. Pour l’ancien ministre des affaires européennes de Syriza, Nikos Xydakis, la question de la sortie de l’euro, en tout cas, ne doit plus être considérée comme « taboue ». « Il ne doit pas y avoir de tabou quand nous parlons du destin de la nation. Nous sommes arrivés au point où le peuple est au bout de son endurance. Je crois que nous avons besoin d’une discussion politique nationale en profondeur. Et cette discussion, naturellement, a besoin de commencer au parlement », a-t-il déclaré mardi 31 janvier.

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Patrice Lumumba (1925–1961)

by Sean Jacobs

2017 01 31 01 Patrice Lumumba56 years ago today, Congolese prime minister and anticolonial leader Patrice Lumumba was assassinated.

Patrice Lumumba was prime minister of a newly independent Congo for only seven months between 1960 and 1961 before he was murdered, fifty-six years ago today. He was thirty-six.

Yet Lumumba’s short political life — as with figures like Thomas Sankara and Steve Biko, who had equally short lives — is still a touchstone for debates about what is politically possible in postcolonial Africa, the role of charismatic leaders, and the fate of progressive politics elsewhere.

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Secret IMF Documents on Greece commented by Eric Toussaint (CADTM)

by Eric Toussaint, International Monetary Fund (IMF)

2017 01 16 01 Secret IMF DocumentsThe CADTM draws attention to two IMF documents dating from March and May 2010 that were kept secret. These authentic documents were placed at the disposal of the Truth Committee on Greek Public Debt by Zoe Konstantopoulou, the President of the Hellenic Parliament in office from 6 February to 3 October 2015.

"To persuade the IMF, the French, German and Dutch executive directors lied" Their contents are damning. They clearly show that a large number of IMF Executive Board members expressed severe criticism of the programme the Institution was preparing to implement. Some of them denounced the fact that the programme was aimed at rescuing the private European banks – mainly certain major French and German banks— who were creditors of Greek debt, both public and private. Several of them denounced the selfsame policies that had led to the Asian crisis of 1996-1997 and the Argentine crisis in 2001.

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Anger: To “leftist” admirers of Assad’s Syria

by MARDAM-BEY Farouk

2017 01 13 01 MARDAM BEY FaroukAs a Syrian who has always identified politically with the left, I am particularly appalled by those men and women who call themselves left-wingers — and are therefore supposed to stand in solidarity with struggles for justice worldwide — and yet openly support the regime of the Assads, father and son, who are chiefly responsible for the Syrian disaster.

Following four months of intense bombardment by the Russian air force, Bashar Al-Assad’s army, along with Shiite militias hailing from everywhere and mobilized by the Iranian mullahs, have now finished ‘liberating’ Eastern Aleppo. Liberated from whom? From its inhabitants. More than 250,000 inhabitants were forced to flee their own city to escape massacres, as had the people of Zabadani and Daraya before them, and as will many more Syrians if systematic social and sectarian ‘cleansing’ continues in their country under the cover of a massive media disinformation campaign.

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Grèce : démocratie introuvable !

par Yorgos Mitralias

2017 01 07 01 never mind democracy EUEn matière de déni de démocratie, il y a eu évidemment l’illustre précédent du résultat, jamais respecté, du referendum français de 2005 sur la constitution européenne. Mais quand même, ce qui s’est passé en Grèce en ce funeste mois de juillet 2015 n’a pas son pareil dans l’histoire de l’Europe (anti)démocratique. Jugez-en vous-même…

La foule en délire devant le Parlement grec était en train de fêter l’écrasante victoire du Non à l’austérité, aux memoranda et à la Troïka, quand, à deux pas de là, celui qui était alors ministre des Finances, Yanis Varoufakis, entrait dans le Palais Maximou et… restait figé, bouche bée : le noyau dirigeant de ses collègues, le Premier ministre Tsipras en tête, offrait un spectacle à l’opposé de la liesse populaire de la place Syntagma. Tête baissée et répétant « et maintenant, qu’est-ce qu’on fait ? », les ministres du gouvernement de la « gauche radicale » (Syriza) semblaient désespérés et abattus par la victoire du Non. Un Non qu’ils avaient tant souhaité en public durant toute la semaine précédente ! |1|

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You've Been Warned

Hamilton Nolan

2017 01 03 01 TrumpIf the very worst happens, it won’t be because we didn’t know that it might happen. We have all been amply warned.

- We’ve been warned of the many disturbing parallels between Donald Trump and Hitler.

- We’ve been warned that the rise of Trump resembles the rise of other authoritarian populist demagogues.

- We’ve been warned—by Donald Trump himself—that he plans to implement incredibly broad rules blocking Muslims from entering America, and that he views a Muslim registry or “watch list” as a wise idea.

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The Only Way to Stop Climate Change Now May Be Revolution

2017 01 01 01 James HansenFed up with slow (or in some cases, backwards) progress on climate change, environmental advocates are mulling desperate measures. Emerging at the head of this pack is arguably the world’s most prominent climate scientist: James Hansen, a former NASA researcher turned activist.

So it’s come to this.

Last year, a researcher presented a paper on climate change at the American Geophysical Union’s meeting entitled ”Is Earth F**ked?” which advocated “environmental direct action, resistance taken from outside the dominant culture, as in protests, blockades and sabotage by indigenous peoples, workers, anarchists and other activist groups.”

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Banks are responsible for the crisis in Greece

Debts claimed from Greece are odious

9 January by Eric Toussaint

2016 12 28 00 ericThe present study shows that the Greek crisis that broke out in 2010 originated in private banks, not in excessive public spending. The so-called bail-out was designed to serve the interests of private bankers and those of dominant countries in the Eurozone. Greece adopting the euro played a major role among the various factors that contributed to the crisis. The analysis developed here was first presented in Athens on 6 November 2016 during a meeting of the Truth Committee on Greek Public Debt.

At first sight, between 1996 and 2008, the development of Greece’s economy looked like a success story! The integration of Greece within the EU and from 2001 on within the Eurozone seemed successful. The rate of Greece’s economic growth was higher than that of the stronger economies in Europe.

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